Background: Retrospective subgroup analyses of previous trials in the first-line therapy of RAS wt metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) suggested a predictive impact of primary tumour side on the efficacy of anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) agents. Recently, new head-to-head trials of doublets/bevacizumab versus doublets/anti-EGFR, PARADIGM and CAIRO5 were presented. Patients and methods: We searched for phase II and III trials comparing doublet chemotherapy plus an anti-EGFR or bevacizumab as the first-line treatment for RAS wt mCRC patients. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR) and radical resection rate result in the overall study populations and, according to the primary side, were pooled together in a two-stage analysis with random effects and fixed effect models. The interaction between sidedness and treatment effect was then analysed. Results: We identified five trials (PEAK, CALGB/SWOG 80405, FIRE-3, PARADIGM and CAIRO5), including 2739 patients, 77% left- and 23% right-sided. Among patients with left-sided mCRC, the use of anti-EGFRs was associated with higher ORR (74% versus 62%, OR = 1.77 [95% confidence interval {CI} 1.39-2.26-0.88], p < 0.0001), longer OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.77 [95% CI 0.68-0.88], p < 0.0001) and not significantly longer PFS (HR = 0.92, p = 0.19). Among patients with right-sided mCRC, the use of bevacizumab was associated with longer PFS (HR = 1.36 [95% CI 1.12-1.65], p = 0.002) and not significantly longer OS (HR = 1.17, p = 0.14). A subgroup analysis confirmed a significant interaction effect between the primary tumour side and treatment arm in terms of ORR (p = 0.02), PFS (p = 0.0004) and OS (p = 0.001). No differences in the radical resection rate were found according to treatment and sidedness. Conclusions: Our updated metanalysis corroborates the role of the primary tumour location in the choice of the upfront therapy for RAS wt mCRC patients, leading to strongly recommend anti-EGFRs in left-sided tumours and to prefer bevacizumab in the right-sided.

Primary tumour side as a driver for treatment choice in RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer patients: a systematic review and pooled analysis of randomised trials

Rossini, Daniele;Boccaccino, Alessandra;Carullo, Martina;Antoniotti, Carlotta;Dima, Giovanni;Marmorino, Federica;Moretto, Roberto;Masi, Gianluca;Cremolini, Chiara
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Retrospective subgroup analyses of previous trials in the first-line therapy of RAS wt metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) suggested a predictive impact of primary tumour side on the efficacy of anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) agents. Recently, new head-to-head trials of doublets/bevacizumab versus doublets/anti-EGFR, PARADIGM and CAIRO5 were presented. Patients and methods: We searched for phase II and III trials comparing doublet chemotherapy plus an anti-EGFR or bevacizumab as the first-line treatment for RAS wt mCRC patients. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR) and radical resection rate result in the overall study populations and, according to the primary side, were pooled together in a two-stage analysis with random effects and fixed effect models. The interaction between sidedness and treatment effect was then analysed. Results: We identified five trials (PEAK, CALGB/SWOG 80405, FIRE-3, PARADIGM and CAIRO5), including 2739 patients, 77% left- and 23% right-sided. Among patients with left-sided mCRC, the use of anti-EGFRs was associated with higher ORR (74% versus 62%, OR = 1.77 [95% confidence interval {CI} 1.39-2.26-0.88], p < 0.0001), longer OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.77 [95% CI 0.68-0.88], p < 0.0001) and not significantly longer PFS (HR = 0.92, p = 0.19). Among patients with right-sided mCRC, the use of bevacizumab was associated with longer PFS (HR = 1.36 [95% CI 1.12-1.65], p = 0.002) and not significantly longer OS (HR = 1.17, p = 0.14). A subgroup analysis confirmed a significant interaction effect between the primary tumour side and treatment arm in terms of ORR (p = 0.02), PFS (p = 0.0004) and OS (p = 0.001). No differences in the radical resection rate were found according to treatment and sidedness. Conclusions: Our updated metanalysis corroborates the role of the primary tumour location in the choice of the upfront therapy for RAS wt mCRC patients, leading to strongly recommend anti-EGFRs in left-sided tumours and to prefer bevacizumab in the right-sided.
2023
Rossini, Daniele; Boccaccino, Alessandra; Carullo, Martina; Antoniotti, Carlotta; Dima, Giovanni; Ciracì, Paolo; Marmorino, Federica; Moretto, Roberto...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1170187
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