Adsorbents able to uptake large amounts of gases within a narrow range of pressure, i.e., phase-change adsorbents, are emerging as highly interesting systems to achieve excellent gas separation performances with little energy input for regeneration. A recently discovered phase-change metal-organic framework (MOF) adsorbent is F4_MIL-140A(Ce), based on Ce-IV and tetrafluoroterephthalate. This MOF displays a non-hysteretic step-shaped CO2 adsorption isotherm, reaching saturation in conditions of temperature and pressure compatible with real life application in post-combustion carbon capture, biogas upgrading and acetylene purification. Such peculiar behaviour is responsible for the exceptional CO2/N-2 selectivity and reverse CO2/C2H2 selectivity of F4_MIL-140A(Ce). Here, we combine data obtained from a wide pool of characterisation techniques - namely gas sorption analysis, in situ infrared spectroscopy, in situ powder X-ray diffraction, in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy, multinuclear solid state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and adsorption microcalorimetry - with periodic density functional theory simulations to provide evidence for the existence of a unique cooperative CO2 adsorption mechanism in F4_MIL-140A(Ce). Such mechanism involves the concerted rotation of perfluorinated aromatic rings when a threshold partial pressure of CO2 is reached, opening the gate towards an adsorption site where CO2 interacts with both open metal sites and the fluorine atoms of the linker.

Cooperative CO₂ adsorption mechanism in a perfluorinated CeIV-based metal organic framework

Martini, Francesca;Giovanelli, Andrea;Geppi, Marco;Taddei, Marco
2023-01-01

Abstract

Adsorbents able to uptake large amounts of gases within a narrow range of pressure, i.e., phase-change adsorbents, are emerging as highly interesting systems to achieve excellent gas separation performances with little energy input for regeneration. A recently discovered phase-change metal-organic framework (MOF) adsorbent is F4_MIL-140A(Ce), based on Ce-IV and tetrafluoroterephthalate. This MOF displays a non-hysteretic step-shaped CO2 adsorption isotherm, reaching saturation in conditions of temperature and pressure compatible with real life application in post-combustion carbon capture, biogas upgrading and acetylene purification. Such peculiar behaviour is responsible for the exceptional CO2/N-2 selectivity and reverse CO2/C2H2 selectivity of F4_MIL-140A(Ce). Here, we combine data obtained from a wide pool of characterisation techniques - namely gas sorption analysis, in situ infrared spectroscopy, in situ powder X-ray diffraction, in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy, multinuclear solid state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and adsorption microcalorimetry - with periodic density functional theory simulations to provide evidence for the existence of a unique cooperative CO2 adsorption mechanism in F4_MIL-140A(Ce). Such mechanism involves the concerted rotation of perfluorinated aromatic rings when a threshold partial pressure of CO2 is reached, opening the gate towards an adsorption site where CO2 interacts with both open metal sites and the fluorine atoms of the linker.
2023
Cavallo, Margherita; Atzori, Cesare; Signorile, Matteo; Costantino, Ferdinando; Venturi, Diletta Morelli; Koutsianos, Athanasios; Lomachenko, Kirill A; Calucci, Lucia; Martini, Francesca; Giovanelli, Andrea; Geppi, Marco; Crocellà, Valentina; Taddei, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1170628
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