From the Pioneer Era of the aviation to World War I the evolution of aircraft technology and chemical synthesis enabled a unique coexistence of traditional craftsmanship, artistic decoration practices, and technological advancements. The study of the materials used in these early years of aviation is still an uncharted territory: a vast portion of remaining planes has been partially or completely repaired and restored, usually by total replacement of the fabric. The Italian biplane Ansaldo A.1 (1918) is a fighter aircraft and is one of the few planes in the world that still preserves its own original materials. In the last years, the fabric sections of the airplane have started to become brittle and loose cohesion, severely compromising the integrity of the aircraft, and resulting in a general alteration of the pictorial layers of the painted sections. A chemical investigation was undertaken to unveil the materials, and to elucidate the causes of the degradation. This study presents one of the first steps into the study of early historical aircrafts, defining the background for the conservation plans to preserve these objects for future generations.

The role of early synthetic materials degradation in the downfall of the Ansaldo A.1, an Italian World War I biplane fighter

La Nasa, Jacopo;Ceccarini, Alessio;Manariti, Antonella;Lucejko, Jeannette J.;Degano, Ilaria;Modugno, Francesca;Bonaduce, Ilaria
2023-01-01

Abstract

From the Pioneer Era of the aviation to World War I the evolution of aircraft technology and chemical synthesis enabled a unique coexistence of traditional craftsmanship, artistic decoration practices, and technological advancements. The study of the materials used in these early years of aviation is still an uncharted territory: a vast portion of remaining planes has been partially or completely repaired and restored, usually by total replacement of the fabric. The Italian biplane Ansaldo A.1 (1918) is a fighter aircraft and is one of the few planes in the world that still preserves its own original materials. In the last years, the fabric sections of the airplane have started to become brittle and loose cohesion, severely compromising the integrity of the aircraft, and resulting in a general alteration of the pictorial layers of the painted sections. A chemical investigation was undertaken to unveil the materials, and to elucidate the causes of the degradation. This study presents one of the first steps into the study of early historical aircrafts, defining the background for the conservation plans to preserve these objects for future generations.
2023
La Nasa, Jacopo; Ceccarini, Alessio; Ducoli, Riccardo; Manariti, Antonella; Lucejko, Jeannette J.; Degano, Ilaria; Capra, Neva; Giovannini, Lucia; Tomasi, Maria Luisa; Modugno, Francesca; Colombini, Maria Perla; Bonaduce, Ilaria
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Lucejko_1220990.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione finale editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 2.21 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.21 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1220990
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact