A novel temperate phage, named Hesat, was isolated by the incubation of a dairy strain of Staphylococcus aureus belonging to spa-type t127 with either bovine or ovine milk. Hesat represents a new species of temperate phage within the Phietavirus genus of the Azeredovirinae subfamily. Its genome has a length of 43,129 bp and a GC content of 35.11% and contains 75 predicted ORFs, some of which linked to virulence. This includes (i) a pathogenicity island (SaPln2), homologous to the type II toxin-antitoxin system PemK/MazF family toxin; (ii) a DUF3113 protein (gp30) that is putatively involved in the derepression of the global repressor Stl; and (iii) a cluster coding for a PVL. Genomic analysis of the host strain indicates Hesat is a resident prophage. Interestingly, its induction was obtained by exposing the bacterium to milk, while the conventional mitomycin C-based approach failed. The host range of phage Hesat appears to be broad, as it was able to lyse 24 out of 30 tested S. aureus isolates. Furthermore, when tested at high titer (10(8) PFU/ml), Hesat phage was also able to lyse a Staphylococcus muscae isolate, a coagulase-negative staphylococcal strain. Key points center dot A new phage species was isolated from a Staphylococcus aureus bovine strain. center dot Pathogenicity island and PVL genes are encoded within phage genome. center dot The phage is active against most of S. aureus strains from both animal and human origins.

Isolation and characterization of novel Staphylococcus aureus bacteriophage Hesat from dairy origin

Turchi B.;Campobasso C.;Torracca B.;Di Giuseppe G.;Nieri P.;Bertelloni F.;Turini L.;Ruffo V.;Di Luca M.
2024-01-01

Abstract

A novel temperate phage, named Hesat, was isolated by the incubation of a dairy strain of Staphylococcus aureus belonging to spa-type t127 with either bovine or ovine milk. Hesat represents a new species of temperate phage within the Phietavirus genus of the Azeredovirinae subfamily. Its genome has a length of 43,129 bp and a GC content of 35.11% and contains 75 predicted ORFs, some of which linked to virulence. This includes (i) a pathogenicity island (SaPln2), homologous to the type II toxin-antitoxin system PemK/MazF family toxin; (ii) a DUF3113 protein (gp30) that is putatively involved in the derepression of the global repressor Stl; and (iii) a cluster coding for a PVL. Genomic analysis of the host strain indicates Hesat is a resident prophage. Interestingly, its induction was obtained by exposing the bacterium to milk, while the conventional mitomycin C-based approach failed. The host range of phage Hesat appears to be broad, as it was able to lyse 24 out of 30 tested S. aureus isolates. Furthermore, when tested at high titer (10(8) PFU/ml), Hesat phage was also able to lyse a Staphylococcus muscae isolate, a coagulase-negative staphylococcal strain. Key points center dot A new phage species was isolated from a Staphylococcus aureus bovine strain. center dot Pathogenicity island and PVL genes are encoded within phage genome. center dot The phage is active against most of S. aureus strains from both animal and human origins.
2024
Turchi, B.; Campobasso, C.; Nardinocchi, A.; Wagemans, J.; Torracca, B.; Lood, C.; Di Giuseppe, G.; Nieri, P.; Bertelloni, F.; Turini, L.; Ruffo, V.; Lavigne, R.; Di Luca, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1236308
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