The chloroformic crude extract of roots of Bupleurum fruticosum L. (Umbelliferae) showed a concentration-dependent vasorelaxing effect on aortic rings endothelium-deprived and pre-contracted by norepinephrine (NE). The pharmacological effect was not produced through the stimulation of cyclooxygenase, adenyl cyclase, or guanylyl cyclase, since selective inhibitors did not prevent the extract-induced responses. The incubation of the aortic rings with the chloroformic extract (10−4 g/ml) produced a depression of the concentration–contractile response curve to NE, in normal conditions, and this effect was more evident in Ca2+-free Tyrode solution, suggesting an action on the intracellular mobilization of Ca2+ ions. Moreover, the vasodilator action of Bupleurum fruticosum extract was resistant to the pre-treatment with nifedipine and to the pre-treatment with cyclopiazonic acid (blocker of Ca2+/ATPase). Finally, the chloroformic extract of Bupleurum fruticosum produced a reduction of the contraction obtained by caffeine, an opener of ryanodine-sensitive receptors, suggesting that the plant could elicit the vasorelaxing response by the blockade of ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ channels of the sarcoplasmic reticulum.
|Autori:||TESTAI L.; CHERICONI S.; BADER A.; PISTELLI L.; CALDERONE V.; MARTINOTTI E|
|Titolo:||VASORELAXANT EFFECTS OF THE CHLOROFORMIC CRUDE EXTRACT OF BUPLEURUM FRUTICOSUM L. (UMBELLIFERAE) ROOTS ON RAT THORACIC AORTA|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jep.2004.08.024|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|