Isolation and physiological and molecular characterisation of culturable bacterial strains belonging to actinomycetes, pseudomonads and aerobic spore-forming bacteria were carried out on mycorrhizal root tips of Quercus robur var. peduncolata infected by Tuber borchii. Cellular density of the three bacterial groups in ectomycorrhizal root tips was estimated to be 1.3±0.11×106 cfu g-1 dry weight for total heterotrophic bacteria and 1.08±0.6×105 (mean±S.E.), 1.3±0.3×105 and 1.4±0.2×105 cfu g-1 dry weight for pseudomonads, actinomycetes and spore-forming bacteria respectively. Identification of pseudomonads by the Biolog® system indicated, besides the most represented species Pseudomonas fluorescens (biotypes B, F and G), the occurrence of strains belonging to Pseudomonas corrugata. Amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis of actinomycetes and spore formers revealed at least three and six different groups of patterns, respectively. Many bacterial isolates were able to induce variations in growth rates of T. borchii mycelium; among these, 101 strains showed antifungal activity, whereas 17 isolates, belonging to spore formers, were able to increase mycelial growth up to 78% when compared to uninoculated mycelial growth. The potential role of these populations in the development and establishment of mycorrhizas is discussed

Diversity of culturable bacterial populations associated to Tuber borchii ectomycorrhizas and their activity on T. borchii mycelial growth

AGNOLUCCI, MONICA;BEDINI, STEFANO;TOFFANIN, ANNITA;GIOVANNETTI, MANUELA;
2002

Abstract

Isolation and physiological and molecular characterisation of culturable bacterial strains belonging to actinomycetes, pseudomonads and aerobic spore-forming bacteria were carried out on mycorrhizal root tips of Quercus robur var. peduncolata infected by Tuber borchii. Cellular density of the three bacterial groups in ectomycorrhizal root tips was estimated to be 1.3±0.11×106 cfu g-1 dry weight for total heterotrophic bacteria and 1.08±0.6×105 (mean±S.E.), 1.3±0.3×105 and 1.4±0.2×105 cfu g-1 dry weight for pseudomonads, actinomycetes and spore-forming bacteria respectively. Identification of pseudomonads by the Biolog® system indicated, besides the most represented species Pseudomonas fluorescens (biotypes B, F and G), the occurrence of strains belonging to Pseudomonas corrugata. Amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis of actinomycetes and spore formers revealed at least three and six different groups of patterns, respectively. Many bacterial isolates were able to induce variations in growth rates of T. borchii mycelium; among these, 101 strains showed antifungal activity, whereas 17 isolates, belonging to spore formers, were able to increase mycelial growth up to 78% when compared to uninoculated mycelial growth. The potential role of these populations in the development and establishment of mycorrhizas is discussed
Sbrana, C.; Agnolucci, Monica; Bedini, Stefano; Lepera, A.; Toffanin, Annita; Giovannetti, Manuela; Nuti, M. P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/201793
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