The molecular dynamics of a ferroelectric liquid crystal, denoted ZLL7/*, is investigated by means of (2)H NMR relaxation. the spin-lattice (T(1Q) and T(1Z)) and spin-spin (T(2)) relaxation times of two isotopomers of ZLL7/* labeled on the phenyl and biphenyl fragments, are measured and their behaviour upon passing from the SmA to the hexatic phase through the ferroelectric SmC*, antiferroelectric Smc(A)*, and re-entrant ferroelectric SmC(re)* phases, is discussed. A comparison between the measured T(2) and T(2)* directly related to the experimental linewidth, provides information on the heterogeneity of the system, thus allowing confirmation of previous hypotheses concerning the structural and ordering properties of the SmC(A)* and SmC(re)* phases. The possibility to look at different sites of the core of the ZLL7/*, smectogen reveals a peculiar sensitivity of the phenyl moiety with respect to the biphenyl fragment, which may be justified by its vicinity to the chiral centers. Interestingly, the trend of the longitudinal relaxation times is characterized by a minimum that corresponds to the SMC(A)* and SmC(re)* phases, which is reproducible for the two isotopomers and at several Larmor frequencies. A quantitative analysis of T(1Q) and T(1Z) is performed in the SmA and SmC* phases, for which the narrowing regime approximation is valid. A multifrequency approach is applied to self-consistently determine the diffusion coefficients for the overall molecular motions, namely spinning and tumbling, and the internal rotations around the para axes of the phenyl and biphenyl fragments. The effect of the magnetic field in unwinding the helical structure of the SmC* phase (for H > 9T) allows observation of a sensitive change in the rotational diffusion coefficients in the frustrated unwound SmC* phase with respect to the SmC* phase.
|Autori:||DOMENICI V; MARINI A; VERACINI C. A.; Malanga C; Menicagli R|
|Titolo:||From the SmA to the Hexatic, Including the SmC*, SmC*A and SmC*re Phases: A 2H NMR Relaxation Study|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/cphc.200900385|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|