Bearing in mind the pharmacophoric requirements of both (-)-trans-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and anandamide (AEA), we designed a novel pharmacophore consisting of both a rigid aromatic backbone and a flexible chain with the aim to develop a series of stable and potent ligands of cannabinoid receptors. In this paper we report the synthesis, docking studies, and structure-activity relationships of new resorcinol-anandamide "hybrids" differing in the side chain group. Compounds bearing a 2-methyloctan-2-yl group at position 5 showed a significantly higher affinity for cannabinoid (CB) receptors, in particular when an alkyloxy chain of 7 or 10 carbon atoms was also present at position 1. Derivative 32 was a potent CB(1) and CB(2) ligand, with K(i) values similar to that of WIN 55-212 and potent antinociceptive activity in vivo. Moreover, derivative 38, although less potent, proved to be the most selective ligand for CB, receptor (K(i)(CB(1)) = 1 mu M, K(i)(CB(2)) = 35 nM).

New Resorcinol-Anandamide "Hybrids" as Potent Cannabinoid Receptor Ligands Endowed with Antinociceptive Activity in Vivo

MARTINELLI, ADRIANO;TUCCINARDI, TIZIANO;
2009

Abstract

Bearing in mind the pharmacophoric requirements of both (-)-trans-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and anandamide (AEA), we designed a novel pharmacophore consisting of both a rigid aromatic backbone and a flexible chain with the aim to develop a series of stable and potent ligands of cannabinoid receptors. In this paper we report the synthesis, docking studies, and structure-activity relationships of new resorcinol-anandamide "hybrids" differing in the side chain group. Compounds bearing a 2-methyloctan-2-yl group at position 5 showed a significantly higher affinity for cannabinoid (CB) receptors, in particular when an alkyloxy chain of 7 or 10 carbon atoms was also present at position 1. Derivative 32 was a potent CB(1) and CB(2) ligand, with K(i) values similar to that of WIN 55-212 and potent antinociceptive activity in vivo. Moreover, derivative 38, although less potent, proved to be the most selective ligand for CB, receptor (K(i)(CB(1)) = 1 mu M, K(i)(CB(2)) = 35 nM).
Brizzi, Antonella; Brizzi, Vittorio; CASCIO MARIA, Grazia; Corelli, Federico; Guida, Francesca; Ligresti, Alessia; Maione, Sabatino; Martinelli, Adriano; Pasquini, Serena; Tuccinardi, Tiziano; DI MARZO, Vincenzo
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/202551
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact