A work undertaken by pot and field experiments to assess the suitability of poplars and ferns for the in-situ, phytoextraction, of a dumping site with residues from the roasting process of arseno-pyrite is reported. The main characteristic of this site is the high content of both the As metalloid and heavy metals (e.g., Al, Fe, Cu, Co, Cr, Pb). Two poplar clones (Populus deltoides ‘Dvina’ and Populus x canadensis ‘Orion’) and Pteris vittata (Chinese brake fern) were planted in the contaminated soil both ex situ in pots and in situ. Plant survival, As accumulation in plant tissues, leaf content of pigments, soluble proteins, activity of catalase and SH-groups in both roots and leaves were evaluated during a 24-month study period. Both poplar and fern plants exhibited an increase in the activity of catalase and SH group contents when grown in the presence of pyrite ashes. The results showed that the co-planting system (arsenic-hyperaccumulator fern Pteris vittata and Populus clones) was suitable for phytoextraction of multi-contaminated dumping sites. Agronomic measures such as irrigation, soil tillage and amendments also seem to be necessary for the successful establishment of poplar trees and ferns in contaminated soils in order to enhance plant growth through the improvement of soil conditions.

Arsenic Uptake and Translocation by Plants in Pot and Field Experiments

CIURLI, ADRIANA;ALPI, AMEDEO;PARDOSSI, ALBERTO
2014

Abstract

A work undertaken by pot and field experiments to assess the suitability of poplars and ferns for the in-situ, phytoextraction, of a dumping site with residues from the roasting process of arseno-pyrite is reported. The main characteristic of this site is the high content of both the As metalloid and heavy metals (e.g., Al, Fe, Cu, Co, Cr, Pb). Two poplar clones (Populus deltoides ‘Dvina’ and Populus x canadensis ‘Orion’) and Pteris vittata (Chinese brake fern) were planted in the contaminated soil both ex situ in pots and in situ. Plant survival, As accumulation in plant tissues, leaf content of pigments, soluble proteins, activity of catalase and SH-groups in both roots and leaves were evaluated during a 24-month study period. Both poplar and fern plants exhibited an increase in the activity of catalase and SH group contents when grown in the presence of pyrite ashes. The results showed that the co-planting system (arsenic-hyperaccumulator fern Pteris vittata and Populus clones) was suitable for phytoextraction of multi-contaminated dumping sites. Agronomic measures such as irrigation, soil tillage and amendments also seem to be necessary for the successful establishment of poplar trees and ferns in contaminated soils in order to enhance plant growth through the improvement of soil conditions.
Ciurli, Adriana; L., Lenzi; Alpi, Amedeo; Pardossi, Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/430467
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