A large expansion in renewable energy production is underway with an increasing focus on sustainable second-generation biofuels. Fast growing rhizomatous perennial grasses are leading candidates for lignocellulosic feedstock thanks to their positive energy balance, and low ecological/agro-management demands. Biomass accumulation is favored by the efficient use of available resources. The aim of this study was to identify which accumulation processes were most affected in the establishment year of a giant reed (Arundo donax L.) field crop grown under water and N deficiencies. The relative plasticity of growth of A. donax in response to various levels of resource availability was evaluated. A field scale experiment was carried out, and treatments were arranged as a randomized complete block, strip-plot design with irrigation treatments as the main plot factor and pre-planting N rate as the sub-plot factor. Biometric relationships between variables were assessed to understand how agro-management factors influence the above ground biomass of giant reed, as well as yield over time. Evidence is presented indicating that growth is strongly enhanced by water availability (+97% dry weight biomass). Changes in composition were not significant within or among fixed treatments, rather changes were observed over time. A high content of glucans and xylans were detected from early stage, and as the mobilization of minerals increased, lignin content significantly increased as well (from 12% to 36% w/w). These results suggest that an increase in the growth of A. donax in the establishment year is accomplished by a limited use of the water input.
|Autori:||Pompeiano, Antonio; Guglielminetti, Lorenzo; Bargiacchi, Enrica; Miele, Sergio|
|Titolo:||Responses in chemical traits and biomass allocation of Arundo donax L. to deficit resources in the establishment year|
|Anno del prodotto:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.4067/S0718-58392013000400008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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|25. Responses in chemical traits and biomass allocation of Arundo donax L. to deficit resources in the establishment year.pdf||Versione finale editoriale||Open AccessVisualizza/Apri|