Honey is largely considered a natural and healthy product. Investigation on foreign matter in honey provides useful information to evaluate honey quality standards in apiary, honey extraction and packaging phases. Indeed, toxic substances (antibiotics, pesticides and heavy metals) as well as foreign matter (e.g. arthropods, hairs) can contaminate honey, acting as allergens or vectors of human pathogens. We used the filth test to evaluate the presence of foreign matter in samples of Italian honeys, mainly from Tuscany. We revealed a high number of carbon particles and other inorganic fragments, followed by fragments of animal origin. This latter included whole small insects, their cuticular fragments, mites and mammal hairs. The kind of contamination allowed us to evidence uncorrected apicultural practices and to suggest the appropriate corrective measures. The filth test method is an excellent and cheap tool to check honey quality, requiring minimal instrumental equipment and giving results that can be interpreted quickly.

Who is polluting Italian honey? A filth test survey

CANOVAI, ROBERTO;GIANNOTTI, PAOLO;BEDINI, STEFANO;BENELLI, GIOVANNI;CONTI, BARBARA;CANALE, ANGELO
2015

Abstract

Honey is largely considered a natural and healthy product. Investigation on foreign matter in honey provides useful information to evaluate honey quality standards in apiary, honey extraction and packaging phases. Indeed, toxic substances (antibiotics, pesticides and heavy metals) as well as foreign matter (e.g. arthropods, hairs) can contaminate honey, acting as allergens or vectors of human pathogens. We used the filth test to evaluate the presence of foreign matter in samples of Italian honeys, mainly from Tuscany. We revealed a high number of carbon particles and other inorganic fragments, followed by fragments of animal origin. This latter included whole small insects, their cuticular fragments, mites and mammal hairs. The kind of contamination allowed us to evidence uncorrected apicultural practices and to suggest the appropriate corrective measures. The filth test method is an excellent and cheap tool to check honey quality, requiring minimal instrumental equipment and giving results that can be interpreted quickly.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Arpi 750721.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione finale editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 282.89 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
282.89 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/750721
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact