Objective: Contact allergies can occur frequently in patients with chronic leg ulcers (CLUs), even in those with a short duration of ulcerative disease. The wide spectrum of therapeutic products promotes development of the delayed type of hypersensitivity and continuous changes in the allergens pattern, which make the diagnosis and treatment extremely difficult in many cases. A prompt diagnosis and treatment of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in patients suffering from CLUs is very important for a best clinical outcome of these two common diseases. Thus, this review aims to highlight a common, challenging and often neglected problem. Method: The search included all studies published between 2000 and September 2015. Keyword used were: 'allergic contact dermatitis leg ulcer', 'contact dermatitis leg ulcers' 'contact dermatitis wound care' 'contact dermatitis non-healing wounds' 'contact sensitisation nonhealing wounds'. Results: Contact allergy and polysensitisation are very frequent in patients suffering from CLUs. Although it is believed modern dressings have a lower potential for inducing cutaneous sensitisation, positive patch test reactions to modern dressing are becoming common: hydrogels, followed by hydrocolloid and the ionic silver-containing wound dressing seem to be the principal causes of ACD. Conclusion: This review wanted to highlighted ACD in CLUs as a common and neglected disease whose economic and social burden has not previously been estimated, giving new insights for clinical and therapeutic management.

Contact dermatitis in patients with chronic leg ulcers: A common and neglected problem: A review 2000-2015

DINI, VALENTINA;ROMANELLI, MARCO
2016-01-01

Abstract

Objective: Contact allergies can occur frequently in patients with chronic leg ulcers (CLUs), even in those with a short duration of ulcerative disease. The wide spectrum of therapeutic products promotes development of the delayed type of hypersensitivity and continuous changes in the allergens pattern, which make the diagnosis and treatment extremely difficult in many cases. A prompt diagnosis and treatment of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in patients suffering from CLUs is very important for a best clinical outcome of these two common diseases. Thus, this review aims to highlight a common, challenging and often neglected problem. Method: The search included all studies published between 2000 and September 2015. Keyword used were: 'allergic contact dermatitis leg ulcer', 'contact dermatitis leg ulcers' 'contact dermatitis wound care' 'contact dermatitis non-healing wounds' 'contact sensitisation nonhealing wounds'. Results: Contact allergy and polysensitisation are very frequent in patients suffering from CLUs. Although it is believed modern dressings have a lower potential for inducing cutaneous sensitisation, positive patch test reactions to modern dressing are becoming common: hydrogels, followed by hydrocolloid and the ionic silver-containing wound dressing seem to be the principal causes of ACD. Conclusion: This review wanted to highlighted ACD in CLUs as a common and neglected disease whose economic and social burden has not previously been estimated, giving new insights for clinical and therapeutic management.
2016
Massimiliano D'Erme, A.; Iannone, M.; Dini, Valentina; Romanelli, Marco
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
D'Erme A 2016.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipologia: Versione finale editoriale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 163.05 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
163.05 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/818916
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 21
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 17
social impact