There is a lack of information on how to grow wild herbs as nutraceutical foods. Ten wild herbs were collected in natural and/or anthropized environments and assessed for their agronomic performance as fresh-cut (or ready-to-eat) leafy vegetables and their nutraceutical and organoleptic attributes. Seed dormancy prevented acceptable germination in many species. However, a physiological seed treatment (soaking with sodium hypochlorite followed by incubation for 3 mo at 4°C in sand moistened with potassium nitrate solution) allowed satisfactory germination, usually above 80%. Cultivation in alveolar containers produced highly diversified fresh-cut productivity (250-550 g·m-2), lower than that of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.; 16 >900 g·m-2) grown as a reference fresh cut green vegetable. Antioxidant power was often much 17 greater in wild herbs (20.0 to 62.0 mmol Fe2+·kg-1 FW) than in lettuce (21.0 mmol Fe2+·kg-1 18 FW). Evaluation of the sensory profile indicated that softness and sweet taste of lettuce were 19 generally preferred to the more robust flavors of wild herbs. Hardness and bitter taste produced a poor appreciation of most wild herbs. However, exceptions were evidenced due to characteristics of spiciness [Alliaria petiolata (M.Bieb) Cavara & Grande] and/or crunchiness (Silene vulgaris [Moench] Garcke). Frequent distrust for most herbs was expressed as an example of food neofobia that generally occurs for unknown bitter flavors. Most of the wild herbs were not suitable as fresh-cut leafy vegetables, but some species could be ingredients for mixed products with better flavor and health properties.
|Autori interni:||BENVENUTI, STEFANO|
|Autori:||Benvenuti, S.; Maggini, R.; Pardossi, A.|
|Titolo:||Agronomic, nutraceutical, and organoleptic performances of wild herbs of ethnobotanical tradition|
|Anno del prodotto:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/19315260.2016.1258605|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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