Most beneficial services provided by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), encompassing improved crop performance and soil resource availability, are mediated by AMF-associated bacteria, showing key-plant growth-promoting (PGP) traits, i.e., the production of indole acetic acid, siderophores and antibiotics, and activities increasing the availability of plant nutrients by nitrogen fixation and phosphate mobilization. Such functions may be affected by the ability of AMF-associated bacteria to communicate through the production and secretion of extracellular small diffusible chemical signals, N-acyl homoserine lactone signal molecules (AHLs), that regulate bacterial behavior at the community level (quorum sensing, QS). This work investigated the occurrence and extent of QS among rhizobia isolated from AMF spores, using two different QS reporter strains, Agrobacterium tumefaciens NTL4 pZRL4 and Chromobacterium violaceum CV026. We also assessed the quorum quenching (QQ) activity among Bacillus isolated from the same AMF spores. Most rhizobia were found to be quorum-signaling positive, including six isolates producing very high levels of AHLs. The results were confirmed by microtiter plate assay, which detected 65% of the tested bacteria as medium/high AHL producers. A 16S rDNA sequence analysis grouped the rhizobia into two clusters, consistent with the QS phenotype. None of the tested bacteria showed QQ activity able to disrupt the QS signaling, suggesting the absence of antagonism among bacteria living in AMF sporosphere. Our results provide the first evidence of the ability of AMF-associated rhizobia to communicate through QS, suggesting further studies on the potential importance of such a behavior in association with key-plant growth-promoting functions.

Quorum sensing in rhizobia isolated from the spores of the mycorrhizal symbiont Rhizophagus intraradices

Michela Palla
Primo
;
Fabio Battini
Secondo
;
Caterina Cristani;Manuela Giovannetti;Monica Agnolucci
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

Most beneficial services provided by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), encompassing improved crop performance and soil resource availability, are mediated by AMF-associated bacteria, showing key-plant growth-promoting (PGP) traits, i.e., the production of indole acetic acid, siderophores and antibiotics, and activities increasing the availability of plant nutrients by nitrogen fixation and phosphate mobilization. Such functions may be affected by the ability of AMF-associated bacteria to communicate through the production and secretion of extracellular small diffusible chemical signals, N-acyl homoserine lactone signal molecules (AHLs), that regulate bacterial behavior at the community level (quorum sensing, QS). This work investigated the occurrence and extent of QS among rhizobia isolated from AMF spores, using two different QS reporter strains, Agrobacterium tumefaciens NTL4 pZRL4 and Chromobacterium violaceum CV026. We also assessed the quorum quenching (QQ) activity among Bacillus isolated from the same AMF spores. Most rhizobia were found to be quorum-signaling positive, including six isolates producing very high levels of AHLs. The results were confirmed by microtiter plate assay, which detected 65% of the tested bacteria as medium/high AHL producers. A 16S rDNA sequence analysis grouped the rhizobia into two clusters, consistent with the QS phenotype. None of the tested bacteria showed QQ activity able to disrupt the QS signaling, suggesting the absence of antagonism among bacteria living in AMF sporosphere. Our results provide the first evidence of the ability of AMF-associated rhizobia to communicate through QS, suggesting further studies on the potential importance of such a behavior in association with key-plant growth-promoting functions.
2018
Palla, Michela; Battini, Fabio; Cristani, Caterina; Giovannetti, Manuela; Squartini, Andrea; Agnolucci, Monica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/924652
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