The aim of this study was to evaluate three commercially available rapid immunochromatographic tests for detection of Cryptosporidium parvum antigens in faeces of naturally infected neonatal diarrhoeic calves. FASTest CRYPTO strip, FASTest CRYPTO-GIARDIA Strip and TETRASTRIPS were compared for their sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value using a cumulative positivity as gold standard. In addition, the agreement between each test and the gold standard was evaluated by Cohen’s Kappa (k) value. The highest infection rate was observed by FASTest CRYPTO-GIARDIA Strip (65.15%), followed by FASTest CRYPTO strip (63.64%) and TETRASTRIPS (56.06%,). A very good diagnostic performance of all the three tests was observed. FASTest CRYPTO strip (k=0.935) and FASTest CRYPTO-GIARDIA Strip (k=0.968) had the highest sensitivity (100%) while TETRASTRIPS (k=0.875) had the highest specificity (100%). Eimeria spp oocysts were present in six samples but cross-reaction with this protozoan was not observed. These assays were not time-consuming and very easy to perform and to read. Based on our results, we recommend the use of FASTest CRYPTO strip, FASTest CRYPTO-GIARDIA Strip or/and TETRASTRIPS for detection of C. parvum antigens in faeces of neonatal diarrhoeic calves.

Evaluation of three commercial rapid kits to detect Cryptosporidium parvum in diarrhoeic calf stool

Roberto Papini
Primo
Conceptualization
;
Francesca Bonelli
Secondo
;
Micaela Sgorbini
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate three commercially available rapid immunochromatographic tests for detection of Cryptosporidium parvum antigens in faeces of naturally infected neonatal diarrhoeic calves. FASTest CRYPTO strip, FASTest CRYPTO-GIARDIA Strip and TETRASTRIPS were compared for their sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value using a cumulative positivity as gold standard. In addition, the agreement between each test and the gold standard was evaluated by Cohen’s Kappa (k) value. The highest infection rate was observed by FASTest CRYPTO-GIARDIA Strip (65.15%), followed by FASTest CRYPTO strip (63.64%) and TETRASTRIPS (56.06%,). A very good diagnostic performance of all the three tests was observed. FASTest CRYPTO strip (k=0.935) and FASTest CRYPTO-GIARDIA Strip (k=0.968) had the highest sensitivity (100%) while TETRASTRIPS (k=0.875) had the highest specificity (100%). Eimeria spp oocysts were present in six samples but cross-reaction with this protozoan was not observed. These assays were not time-consuming and very easy to perform and to read. Based on our results, we recommend the use of FASTest CRYPTO strip, FASTest CRYPTO-GIARDIA Strip or/and TETRASTRIPS for detection of C. parvum antigens in faeces of neonatal diarrhoeic calves.
Papini, ROBERTO AMERIGO; Bonelli, Francesca; Montagnani, Marco; Sgorbini, Micaela
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/931997
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