Mitochondrial diseases are the most common inheritable metabolic diseases, due to defects in oxidative phosphorylation. They are caused by mutations of nuclear or mitochondrial DNA in genes involved in mitochondrial function. The peculiarity of “mitochondrial DNA genetics rules” in part explains the marked phenotypic variability, the complexity of genotype-phenotype correlations and the challenge of genetic counseling. The new massive genetic sequencing technologies have changed the diagnostic approach, enhancing mitochondrial DNA-related syndromes diagnosis and often avoiding the need of a tissue biopsy. Here we present the most common phenotypes associated with a mitochondrial DNA mutation with the recent advances in diagnosis and in therapeutic perspectives.
|Autori:||Montano, V.; Gruosso, F.; Simoncini, C.; Siciliano, G.; Mancuso, M.|
|Titolo:||Clinical features of mtDNA-related syndromes in adulthood|
|Anno del prodotto:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.abb.2020.108689|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|