A correct methodology to evaluate the friction coefficient in lubricated gear pairs is paramount for both the estimation of energy losses and the prediction of wear. In the first part of the paper, a methodology for estimating the coefficient of friction with a semi-empirical formulation is presented, and its results are also employed to analyze mechanical efficiency losses in a hypoid gearset. Hypoid gears have complex tooth surface geometries, and the entraining kinematics of the lubricant is quite involved. The second part of the paper showcases a simulated wear investigation based on the Archard model. The main focus is on the impact of the frequency adopted for updating the worn geometry of the gear and pinion teeth on the fidelity and consistency of the tribological outcomes. These are measured in terms of overall quantity of material removed and characteristics of the loaded contact pattern. More in detail, a sensitivity analysis is presented that compares the total wear of a hypoid gearset after 30 million cycles estimated using different geometry update steps. Contact pressures, which are necessary to perform the aforementioned analyses, are calculated through an accurate, state-of-the-art loaded tooth contact analysis solver.

Friction-Induced Efficiency Losses and Wear Evolution in Hypoid Gears

Grabovic E.;Artoni A.;Gabiccini M.;Guiggiani M.;Mattei L.;Di Puccio F.;Ciulli E.
2022-01-01

Abstract

A correct methodology to evaluate the friction coefficient in lubricated gear pairs is paramount for both the estimation of energy losses and the prediction of wear. In the first part of the paper, a methodology for estimating the coefficient of friction with a semi-empirical formulation is presented, and its results are also employed to analyze mechanical efficiency losses in a hypoid gearset. Hypoid gears have complex tooth surface geometries, and the entraining kinematics of the lubricant is quite involved. The second part of the paper showcases a simulated wear investigation based on the Archard model. The main focus is on the impact of the frequency adopted for updating the worn geometry of the gear and pinion teeth on the fidelity and consistency of the tribological outcomes. These are measured in terms of overall quantity of material removed and characteristics of the loaded contact pattern. More in detail, a sensitivity analysis is presented that compares the total wear of a hypoid gearset after 30 million cycles estimated using different geometry update steps. Contact pressures, which are necessary to perform the aforementioned analyses, are calculated through an accurate, state-of-the-art loaded tooth contact analysis solver.
2022
Grabovic, E.; Artoni, A.; Gabiccini, M.; Guiggiani, M.; Mattei, L.; Di Puccio, F.; Ciulli, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1153881
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