Objectives The main aim of this study is to evaluate the correspondence between the ultrasonographic thickness and the Breslow thickness in melanoma using ultra-high frequency ultrasound and the intra- and inter-operator repeatability in the ultrasonographic measurements of melanoma depth. Moreover, we propose a new protocol based on a combined ultrasonographic-histopathological approach. Methods We analyzed 27 melanomas in a population consisted of 27 patients (mean age 57.6 years, 51.8% males), who came at the Department of Dermatology (University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy) from April 2016 to March 2018 and had an ultrasonographic examination of a suspected lesion before the surgical removal using ultra-high frequency ultrasound (Vevo (R) MD, Fujifilm, Visualsonics, Toronto, Canada; 70 MHz probe). B-mode images were analyzed by two skilled and blinded operators, and the maximum depth of the lesions was measured using a dedicated graphical user interface developed in Matlab R2016b (MathWorks Inc., Natick, MA), to obtain repetitive measurements. Results All melanomas appeared as band-like or oval/fusiform shaped hypoechoic inhomogeneous lesions. We observed an excellent agreement between the Breslow thickness of melanomas and the ultrasonographic thickness, as well as a reduced intra- and inter-operator variability in the ultrasonographic measurements of melanoma depth. Conclusions We propose a ultrasonographic-histopathological protocol which may help clinicians to reduce the diagnostic delay, improve prognosis and survival rates, perform a surgical excision with negative margins, and reduce the variability in the assessment of Breslow thickness.

Ultra-High Frequency Ultrasound in Melanoma Management: A New Combined Ultrasonographic–Histopathological Approach

Oranges T.;Janowska A.;Scatena C.;Izzetti R.;Romanelli M.;Dini V.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objectives The main aim of this study is to evaluate the correspondence between the ultrasonographic thickness and the Breslow thickness in melanoma using ultra-high frequency ultrasound and the intra- and inter-operator repeatability in the ultrasonographic measurements of melanoma depth. Moreover, we propose a new protocol based on a combined ultrasonographic-histopathological approach. Methods We analyzed 27 melanomas in a population consisted of 27 patients (mean age 57.6 years, 51.8% males), who came at the Department of Dermatology (University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy) from April 2016 to March 2018 and had an ultrasonographic examination of a suspected lesion before the surgical removal using ultra-high frequency ultrasound (Vevo (R) MD, Fujifilm, Visualsonics, Toronto, Canada; 70 MHz probe). B-mode images were analyzed by two skilled and blinded operators, and the maximum depth of the lesions was measured using a dedicated graphical user interface developed in Matlab R2016b (MathWorks Inc., Natick, MA), to obtain repetitive measurements. Results All melanomas appeared as band-like or oval/fusiform shaped hypoechoic inhomogeneous lesions. We observed an excellent agreement between the Breslow thickness of melanomas and the ultrasonographic thickness, as well as a reduced intra- and inter-operator variability in the ultrasonographic measurements of melanoma depth. Conclusions We propose a ultrasonographic-histopathological protocol which may help clinicians to reduce the diagnostic delay, improve prognosis and survival rates, perform a surgical excision with negative margins, and reduce the variability in the assessment of Breslow thickness.
2023
Oranges, T.; Janowska, A.; Scatena, C.; Faita, F.; Lascio, N. D.; Izzetti, R.; Fidanzi, C.; Romanelli, M.; Dini, V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1159977
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