In this paper, a novel synergy driven teleimpedance controller for the Pisa–IIT SoftHand is presented. Towards the development of an efficient, robust, and low-cost hand prothesis, the Pisa–IIT SoftHand is built on the motor control principle of synergies, through which the immense complexity of the hand is simplified into distinct motor patterns. As the SoftHand grasps, it follows a synergistic path with built-in flexibility to allow grasping of objects of various shapes using only a single motor. In this work, the hand grasping motion is regulated with an impedance controller which incorporates the user’s postural and stiffness synergy profiles in realtime. In addition, a disturbance observer is realized which estimates the grasping contact force. The estimated force is then fedback to the user via a vibration motor. Grasp robustness and transparency improvements were evaluated on two healthy subjects while grasping different objects. Implementation of the proposed teleimpedance controller led to the execution of stable grasps by controlling the grasping forces, via modulation of hand compliance. In addition, utilization of the vibrotactile feedback resulted in reduced physical load on the user. While these results need to be validated with amputees, they provide evidence that a low-cost, robust hand employing hardwarebased synergies is a viable alternative to traditional myoelectric prostheses.

Teleimpedance Control of a Synergy-Driven Anthropomorphic Hand

AJOUDANI, ARASH;CATALANO, MANUEL GIUSEPPE;GRIOLI, GIORGIO;BICCHI, ANTONIO
2013

Abstract

In this paper, a novel synergy driven teleimpedance controller for the Pisa–IIT SoftHand is presented. Towards the development of an efficient, robust, and low-cost hand prothesis, the Pisa–IIT SoftHand is built on the motor control principle of synergies, through which the immense complexity of the hand is simplified into distinct motor patterns. As the SoftHand grasps, it follows a synergistic path with built-in flexibility to allow grasping of objects of various shapes using only a single motor. In this work, the hand grasping motion is regulated with an impedance controller which incorporates the user’s postural and stiffness synergy profiles in realtime. In addition, a disturbance observer is realized which estimates the grasping contact force. The estimated force is then fedback to the user via a vibration motor. Grasp robustness and transparency improvements were evaluated on two healthy subjects while grasping different objects. Implementation of the proposed teleimpedance controller led to the execution of stable grasps by controlling the grasping forces, via modulation of hand compliance. In addition, utilization of the vibrotactile feedback resulted in reduced physical load on the user. While these results need to be validated with amputees, they provide evidence that a low-cost, robust hand employing hardwarebased synergies is a viable alternative to traditional myoelectric prostheses.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/231148
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