Historically, a very large variety of everyday artifacts were made of wood, which makes them representative of their historical period or social context and valuable for archaeologists and historians. In order to preserve degraded wood and to develop and apply suitable conservation treatments, chemical and physical characterization of archaeological wood is needed. This review provides the reader with a survey on state-of-the-art of instrumental analytical tools available to understand the morphology and the chemical composition of archaeological wood. The focus is on microscopic and spectroscopic techniques such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and analytical techniques based on pyrolysis, such as direct exposure-mass spectrometry (DE-MS), pyrolysis-mass spectrometry (Py-MS), pyrolysis-gas chromtography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS), with emphasis on their respective potentialities and limitations. The advantages of techniques based on synchrotron radiation are also discussed. In addition, the applicability of each examined technique is illustrated and discussed through specific examples from the literature.
|Autori:||Lucejko, JEANNETTE JACQUELINE; Modugno, Francesca; Ribechini, Erika; Tamburini, Diego; Colombini, MARIA PERLA|
|Titolo:||Analytical Instrumental Techniques to Study Archaeological Wood Degradation|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/05704928.2015.1046181|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|