In apple fruit, phenolic compounds are the major sources of antioxidants, which are particularly concentrated in the skin. In the present experiment apples (cv. Red Delicious) were analyzed for their phenolic composition after the exposure to UV-B for 36 h (219 kJ m−2) and during storage (7, 14 and 21 d after the end of the treatment) in order to assess if UV-B treatment could improve marketability of the products as well as shelf-life. Since UV-B irradiation is also known to induce the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the spin-trapping technique was applied to monitor the generation of free radicals under UV-B. The UV-B for 36 h treatment induced the generation of carbon-centered radicals in the skin, the tissue more exposed to radiation, but fruit quality parameters were not affected. Even if firmness progressively decreased and an increasing weight loss occurred during storage, differences between treated and control fruit were not observed. The different phenolic classes of apple skin reacted differently to the UV-B for 36 h irradiation, hydroxycinnamic acids increasing and flavonols decreasing. However, during storage, hydroxycinnamic acids and anthocyanins increased in UV-B-treated samples, as well as flavonols at the end of the storage period. As a consequence, the fruit skin showed a higher antioxidant activity in all the treated samples during storage, increasing the healthy properties of the fruit. This suggests that UV-B technique results in a valid strategy to induce antioxidant production in apple, increasing their nutraceutical value, thus allowing the attainment of phenolic-enriched fruit.

Phenolic enrichment in apple skin following post-harvest fruit UV-B treatment

Castagna, Antonella;Mannucci, Alessia;Sgherri, Cristina;Ranieri, Annamaria;
2018-01-01

Abstract

In apple fruit, phenolic compounds are the major sources of antioxidants, which are particularly concentrated in the skin. In the present experiment apples (cv. Red Delicious) were analyzed for their phenolic composition after the exposure to UV-B for 36 h (219 kJ m−2) and during storage (7, 14 and 21 d after the end of the treatment) in order to assess if UV-B treatment could improve marketability of the products as well as shelf-life. Since UV-B irradiation is also known to induce the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the spin-trapping technique was applied to monitor the generation of free radicals under UV-B. The UV-B for 36 h treatment induced the generation of carbon-centered radicals in the skin, the tissue more exposed to radiation, but fruit quality parameters were not affected. Even if firmness progressively decreased and an increasing weight loss occurred during storage, differences between treated and control fruit were not observed. The different phenolic classes of apple skin reacted differently to the UV-B for 36 h irradiation, hydroxycinnamic acids increasing and flavonols decreasing. However, during storage, hydroxycinnamic acids and anthocyanins increased in UV-B-treated samples, as well as flavonols at the end of the storage period. As a consequence, the fruit skin showed a higher antioxidant activity in all the treated samples during storage, increasing the healthy properties of the fruit. This suggests that UV-B technique results in a valid strategy to induce antioxidant production in apple, increasing their nutraceutical value, thus allowing the attainment of phenolic-enriched fruit.
2018
Assumpã§ã£o, Carolina Fagundes; Hermes, Vanessa Stahl; Pagno, Carlos; Castagna, Antonella; Mannucci, Alessia; Sgherri, Cristina; Pinzino, Calogero; Ranieri, Annamaria; Flã´res, Simone Hickmann; Rios, Alessandro de Oliveira
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/892782
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