Carbonic anhydrase II (CAII) is a zinc-containing metalloenzyme whose aberrant activity is associated with various diseases such as glaucoma, osteoporosis, and different types of tumors; therefore, the development of CAII inhibitors, which can represent promising therapeutic agents for the treatment of these pathologies, is a current topic in medicinal chemistry. Molecular docking is a commonly used tool in structure-based drug design of enzyme inhibitors. However, there is still a need for improving docking reliability, especially in terms of scoring functions, since the complex pattern of energetic contributions driving ligand⁻protein binding cannot be properly described by mathematical functions only including approximated energetic terms. Here we report a novel CAII-specific fingerprint-based (IFP) scoring function developed according to the ligand⁻protein interactions detected in the CAII-inhibitor co-crystal structures of the most potent CAII ligands. Our IFP scoring function outperformed the ability of Autodock4 scoring function to identify native-like docking poses of CAII inhibitors and thus allowed a considerable improvement of docking reliability. Moreover, the ligand⁻protein interaction fingerprints showed a useful application in the binding mode analysis of structurally diverse CAII ligands.
TUCCINARDI, TIZIANO (Corresponding)
|Autori:||Poli, Giulio; Jha, Vibhu; Martinelli, Adriano; Supuran, Claudiu T; Tuccinardi, Tiziano|
|Titolo:||Development of a Fingerprint-Based Scoring Function for the Prediction of the Binding Mode of Carbonic Anhydrase II Inhibitors|
|Anno del prodotto:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3390/ijms19071851|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|