Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a NAD+-dependent deacetylase implicated in various biological and pathological processes, including cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. In recent years, SIRT1-activating compounds have been demonstrated to exert cardioprotective effects. Therefore, this enzyme has become a feasible target to treat cardiovascular diseases, and many SIRT1 activators, of a natural or synthetic origin, have been identified. In the present work, we developed thiazole-based SIRT1 activators, which showed remarkably higher SIRT1 activation potencies compared with those of the reference compound resveratrol when tested in enzymatic assays. Thiazole 8, a representative compound of this series, was also subjected to further pharmacological investigations, where it was proven to reduce myocardial damage induced by an in vivo occlusion/reperfusion event, thus confirming its cardioprotective properties. In addition, the cardioprotective effect of compound 8 was significantly higher than that of resveratrol. Molecular modeling studies suggest the binding mode of these derivatives within SIRT1 in the presence of the p53-AMC peptide. These promising results could pave the way to further expand and optimize this chemical class of new and potent SIRT1 activators as potential cardioprotective agents.

Sirtuin 1-Activating Compounds: Discovery of a Class of Thiazole-Based Derivatives

Bononi G.
Co-primo
;
Citi V.
Co-primo
;
Martelli A.;Poli G.;Tuccinardi T.;Granchi C.
;
Testai L.
;
Calderone V.;Minutolo F.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a NAD+-dependent deacetylase implicated in various biological and pathological processes, including cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. In recent years, SIRT1-activating compounds have been demonstrated to exert cardioprotective effects. Therefore, this enzyme has become a feasible target to treat cardiovascular diseases, and many SIRT1 activators, of a natural or synthetic origin, have been identified. In the present work, we developed thiazole-based SIRT1 activators, which showed remarkably higher SIRT1 activation potencies compared with those of the reference compound resveratrol when tested in enzymatic assays. Thiazole 8, a representative compound of this series, was also subjected to further pharmacological investigations, where it was proven to reduce myocardial damage induced by an in vivo occlusion/reperfusion event, thus confirming its cardioprotective properties. In addition, the cardioprotective effect of compound 8 was significantly higher than that of resveratrol. Molecular modeling studies suggest the binding mode of these derivatives within SIRT1 in the presence of the p53-AMC peptide. These promising results could pave the way to further expand and optimize this chemical class of new and potent SIRT1 activators as potential cardioprotective agents.
2022
Bononi, G.; Citi, V.; Lapillo, M.; Martelli, A.; Poli, G.; Tuccinardi, T.; Granchi, C.; Testai, L.; Calderone, V.; Minutolo, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1155485
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