The recent growing interest in lactose intolerance has resulted in the proliferation of lactose-free products by food manufacturing companies. Since updated papers about lactose and its uses are missing, the main purpose of this review is to investigate this sugar comprehensively. Firstly, its chemical and physical characteristics were studied, following its employment in the food and drug industries. The positive and negative health-related effects of lactose are reported, focusing on the condition of lactose intolerance, for which an adequate lactose-free diet has to be followed to avoid symptoms that impairs quality of life. Considering that EU legislation on lactose-free product labelling is still controversial, suitable options for producing and identifying lactose-free products are suggested, in order to meet lactose-intolerant people's needs.

Lactose: Characteristics, Food and Drug-Related Applications, and Its Possible Substitutions in Meeting the Needs of People with Lactose Intolerance

Dominici, Simona;Marescotti, Francesca;Sanmartin, Chiara;Macaluso, Monica;Taglieri, Isabella
;
Venturi, Francesca;Zinnai, Angela;Facioni, Maria Sole
2022-01-01

Abstract

The recent growing interest in lactose intolerance has resulted in the proliferation of lactose-free products by food manufacturing companies. Since updated papers about lactose and its uses are missing, the main purpose of this review is to investigate this sugar comprehensively. Firstly, its chemical and physical characteristics were studied, following its employment in the food and drug industries. The positive and negative health-related effects of lactose are reported, focusing on the condition of lactose intolerance, for which an adequate lactose-free diet has to be followed to avoid symptoms that impairs quality of life. Considering that EU legislation on lactose-free product labelling is still controversial, suitable options for producing and identifying lactose-free products are suggested, in order to meet lactose-intolerant people's needs.
2022
Dominici, Simona; Marescotti, Francesca; Sanmartin, Chiara; Macaluso, Monica; Taglieri, Isabella; Venturi, Francesca; Zinnai, Angela; Facioni, Maria Sole
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1161185
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